Sean McDowell | February 6, 2020

Who is the Greatest Defender of the Marginalized? Easy, Jesus.

Who is the Greatest Defender of the Marginalized? Easy, Jesus.

Whether because of skin color, gender, socio-economic status, or some other characteristic, there is immense focus placed today on those who have been historically marginalized. There is a prevailing recognition–and cultural movement–drawing attention to the voices of those on the margins of society.

Yet the focus on the marginalized is not an entirely new movement. In fact, it has ancient precedent. While the current emphasis is shaped deeply by critical theory, the idea that we should care for the marginalized is an idea that has roots in the Judeo-Christian tradition going back thousands of years.

Consider a few examples from the Hebrew and Christian Scriptures:

  • God chose Jacob (whose name was changed to “Israel”) over his older brother Esau.
  • The “chosen people” of God were a group of slaves in the Egyptian Empire.
  • Although Saul looked like a king, God chose to establish peace in His kingdom, and to set up the lineage for His Messiah through David, the youngest son of the family of Jesse.
  • Even though she was a Moabite foreigner, God grafted Ruth into the family line of His Messiah (Matt. 1:5).
  • Jesus consistently sought out, and ministered to, those who were marginalized because of their age (children: Matt 19:14), occupation (tax collectors: Mark 2:13-17), gender (women: Luke 8:40-56), spiritual state (demon-possessed: Mark 1:21-28), religion (Samaritan: Luke 10:25-37), physical state (paralyzed: Mark 2:1-10), and moral state (adulterer: John 4).
  • Rather than choosing warriors, politicians, or other people with power and influence, Jesus selected his closest followers from the working class–not the kind of disciples one might expect to launch a worldwide movement.

There have been many influential historical figures such as William Wilberforce, Gandhi, and Martin Luther King, Jr. who have bravely fought for the marginalized of their day. But none come close to the influence of Jesus. In fact, these reformers–and many more–modeled their movement on the example of Jesus.

Unlike many other religious figures, Jesus was far ahead of the #MeToo movement. Even though he lived and ministered in a patriarchal society, and he had every chance to take advantage of women, Jesus treated women with the utmost dignity and respect. He was far ahead of his time.

The same is true with his focus on caring for the marginalized. The elite in Greco-Roman society considered widows, orphans, and other marginalized groups as burdens on society. Jesus considered them valuable image-bearers and said that the kingdom of God belongs to such as these.

As with the #MeToo movement, it is nice to see culture catch up with the worldview of Jesus in its focus on caring for those on the margins of society.

Sean McDowell, Ph.D. is a professor of Christian Apologetics at Biola University, a best-selling author, popular speaker, and part-time high school teacher. Follow him on Twitter: @sean_mcdowell, TikTok, Instagram, and his blog: