Sean McDowell | July 13, 2019

If God, Why Evil? 9 Rapid-Fire Responses

Along with my regular posts at, I am now featuring some of my former students in the Biola Apologetics Program. This post is by my friend Timothy Fox, who helped me with both the Awana Advocates curriculum and the updated and revised Evidence that Demands a Verdict. He also blogs at Free Thinking Ministries and you can follow him on Twitter at @TimothyDFox. Enjoy!

God & Evil: 9 Rapid-Fire Responses

By Timothy Fox

The problem of evil (pain or suffering) is probably the number one argument against the existence of God. While it is definitely not a problem that can be answered quickly and simply, I’d like to offer some short, rapid-fire responses that can be used to begin a deeper discussion:

1. Free will - Freedom is a great good that God has granted us. But God can’t give us free will and then forbid us from using it. And when we choose wrongly, we - and others - get hurt.

2. Learning from experience - When we face evil, or experience the suffering of others, we (should!) learn from it. Evil teaches us what not to do and should inspire us to stop it.

3. God is king - God is not a beat cop or a superhero. God is King of the universe. A king makes commands and delegates authority to others. He is not a soldier; he commands soldiers. God has authorized parents to guide and protect their families. He has authorized rulers to promote good and punish evil (Rom. 13). God does not micromanage the universe and neither is he a helicopter parent.

4. Evil chases us to God - What if someone had a perfectly pain-free life but never came to faith in Christ? Instead, what if someone experienced a great evil that led him or her to turn to God for strength? If knowing God is the greatest possible good, then a life with great pain and suffering that leads us to God is infinitely better than a pain-free life in which we never come to faith in Jesus.

5. Perspective - We experience evil from the “bottom up.” We witness it firsthand and don’t understand it, causing us to question the existence of a good God. But we need to view evil - and everything else in life - from the “top down.” Everything has a purpose. All of our actions are connected. We don’t have a God’s-eye view of reality. God does

6. Soul-building - Pain and suffering strengthens us and builds our souls (Rom. 5:3-4, 2 Cor. 4:17). We develop virtues such as patience and determination and gain compassion towards others who suffer. Our suffering molds us into citizens worthy of the Kingdom of God. Remember, the purpose of life is not happiness but holiness.

7. Fallen world - Living in a fallen world, we should expect pain and suffering. Suffering reminds us that things are not the way they ought to be, and to hope for a world in which there is no pain or suffering...

8. Heaven - Once we reach heaven, all of our suffering, no matter how great it may be here on earth, will be a distant memory. There will be no sadness or pain there, and perhaps our past sufferings on earth will help us to appreciate heaven all the more.

9. Jesus - God did not sit idly by and watch us suffer from a distance. God entered into history and lived among us. He also suffered and died for us. Jesus Christ is the solution to the problem of evil.

These are some rapid-fire responses to the problem of evil. Remember, they are not exhaustive, but are simply starting points for deeper discussions. Maybe you can think of more responses yourself, or you can use the ones here to reflect on the pain and suffering you or your loved ones have faced. And for greater study, I highly recommend The Problem of Pain by C. S. Lewis and Why Does God Allow Evil? by Clay Jones.

Sean McDowell, Ph.D. is a professor of Christian Apologetics at Biola University, a best-selling author, popular speaker, and part-time high school teacher. Follow him on Twitter: @sean_mcdowell, TikTok, Instagram, and his blog: